When people think of cults, experiences like US based situations may come to mind. However, they occur in the UK as well and as clinicians, we may see clients who have experienced this type of trauma.
It's different from family based or life event traumas which are covered in many trainings. There may be different symptoms for those who joined a cult to those born into one. They can have both a nice side (which may attract new members) and an unsafe side.
When working with this group, we need to keep in mind what may have occurred to them: deprivations of food, light, and sound, coercive control, gaslighting, rules, overwork, extreme trauma, Stockholm syndrome etc. As a result, this may need more than brief therapy.
Olivia will be speaking on captivity at the ICSA (International Cultic Studies Association) 2019 Annual International Conference in July held in Manchester this year.